Tirana is the largest industrial city in Albania and also the capital. You will find this city was established in 1114 by Sulejman Pasha, but was not used as the capital until 1920. Tirana is considered to be in the eponymous district and county. It is 90 meters above sea level and lies on the Ishm River, which is 32 kilometres inland from the sea. In 1703 the population of Tirana was 4,000 and by 1945 there were over 70,000 inhabitants. Today the population of Tirana is over 585, 000.
The varied history of Albania can be seen in Tirana with the occupation of many different cultures. You will find that the earliest known inhabitants of Tirana, was in 520 AD where remains of a castle, Tirkan was found. In 1431 and 1432 during the Ottoman rule the first land registrations began. There were 60 inhabited areas with 1,000 houses and 7,300 inhabitants. Records show that in 1583 there were 110 inhabited areas with 2,900 houses and 20,000 inhabitants. The rich history of Tirana Albania offers a great many places to visit from Mosques to older castles.
The climate of Tirana today shows a temperature average of 44 degrees Fahrenheit in January and 87.7 degrees Fahrenheit in July. Rainfall in the area is about 47 inches, with the driest months being July and August. The wettest months are going to be November and December.
There are a couple of districts in Tirana to visit whilst on holiday as they are the oldest. The Mujos and Pazari, which are located on Elbasani Street and across the Lana River offer a lot of historical sites and culture. You will find that in 2000, the heart of Tirana to the central campus of Tirana University and up to Skenderbeg Square was declared a place of Cultural Assembly and given a special state of protection. Restoration also began in this area from the west of the university to the Saint Prokopi park.
You will find that Tirana has a great boom of economical growth since the 1920’s, with new industries such as textiles, pharmaceuticals, and metal products, as well as agriculture in the area. This has helped a great deal with the overall stability of Albania.
Transportation in Tirana is very important on the public sector. You will find that they have the bus, rail and air to get tourists and others into the country. They also have ports that will allow for ships to reach the capital.
There are many landmarks in Tirana to visit include the Skanderbeg square, Et’ hem Bey Mosque, and the Clock Tower. There are also several museums and government buildings that are housed in historical buildings.